Macam-macam Text Genre & Contohnya

“Narrative”

Purpose :
To amuse, entertain and to deal with actual or vicarious experience in different ways; narratives deal with problematic events which lead to a crisis or lurning point of some kind, which in turn finds a resolution.

Type of Narrative :
Adventure, mystery, science fiction, fantasy, historical fiction, contemporary fiction, dilemma stories, dialogue, myths, legends, fairy tales, fables.

Generic Structure :
Orientation : sets the scene and introduces the participants.
Evaluation : a stepping back to evaluate the plight.
Complication : a crisis arises.
Resolution : the crisis is resolved, for better or for worse.
Re-orientation : optional.

Significant Lexicogrammatical Features :
Focus and specific and usually Individualized Participant.
Use of Material processes (and in this text, behavioual and verbal processes).
Use of Relational Processes and Mental Processes.
Use of temporal conjunctions and temporal Circumstances.
Use of past tense.

“Recount”

Purpose :
To retell something that happened in the past and to tell a series of past event.

Generic Structure :
Orientation : provides the setting and introduces participants.
Events : tell what happened, in what sequence.
Re-orientation : optional-closure of events.

Significant Lexicogrammatical Features :
Focus on specific Participant.
Use of material processes.
Circumstances of time and place.
Use of past tense.
Focus on temporal sequence.

“News Item”

Social Function :
To inform leaders, listeners or viewers about events the day which are consideren newsworthy or important.

Generic Structure :
Newsworthy event(s) : recounts the event in summary from.
Backround events : elaborate what happened, to whom, in what circumstances.
Sources : comments by participants in, witnesses to and authorities expert on the event.

Significant Lexicogrammatical Features :
Short, telegraphic information about story captured in headline.
Use of Material Processes to retell the events
(in the text bellow, many of the Material Processes are nominalised).
Use of projecting Verbal Processes in sources stage.
Focus on Circumstances (e.g.mostly within qualifiers). Continue reading

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